This module provides an overview of historical and contemporary techniques used to characterize body tissues. DNA typing has become such an effective tool in forensic biology that almost all of the traditional techniques have fallen into disuse. Some techniques are still used in the examination of body fluids, while knowledge of others, such as ABO and multi-enzyme systems, is of value if old cases are opened for review.
Upon successful completion of this unit of instruction, the student shall be able to do the following:
- Select and apply methods to screen evidence for body tissues and proceed to confirmatory tests where appropriate
- Have a basic understanding of the principles of ABO typing and other red cell surface antigen polymorphisms used in forensic biology
- Have a basic understanding of the principles of enzyme and other protein polymorphisms used in forensic biology
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